Up until now, laser-based scanning has been the predominant technology for inline 3D inspection. However, as 3D inspection requirements in the factory continue to evolve, it is important for sensor manufacturers to continue to develop new and improved solutions.
Laser Line Profilers
Laser line profilers behave like a line scan camera. The part to scan has to travel under the line profiler’s laser (which requires a motion transport system) in order to build a complete 3D point cloud. An encoder is used to stamp each profile with an accurate position so software can stitch all the profiles together to generate a full 3D model.
An Alternative to Laser Scanning: Structured Light
In comparison, structured light (SL) scanners take a snapshot of a part that is stationary. This eliminates the need for an expensive motion system and associated vibration that affects measurement repeatability.
Known Limitations of Standard SL Sensors
Standard SL scanners are only used in offline or at-line applications because of their slow cycle times (several seconds required per part scan). In addition, standard SL sensors are not IP67 rated, which means the optics are not protected from dust and moisture; fans are needed for cooling; and LED projector lifetimes are limited to just 1-2 years of continuous use. All of these issues combined prevent the use of standard SL sensors for inline operations.
To advance SL technology, LMI has invested heavily in onboard sensor hardware acceleration and industrial LED projector design to deliver fast cycle times and much longer projector lifetimes (e.g., 10 years) necessary for inline use.
Hardware acceleration takes place on a Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) in the sensor, which effectively “crunches” stereo camera data into a highly compressed dataset suitable for downstream generation of 3D point clouds in the fastest possible cycle times.
This innovation takes the form of a new generation of Gocator 3D smart snapshot sensor that leverages on-board hardware acceleration to achieve scan rates up to 0.5 Hz for full resolution, full volume scans (no windowing).
Furthermore, with the Gocator Accelerator (GoX), the user can increase scan speeds by 4x (e.g., 2-4 Hz). This breakthrough speed allows SL technology to move into inline applications.
Industrial LED Projection
Standard LED projectors use plastic optics. Plastic optics deteriorate quickly with blue/UV light. In contrast, LMI’s projector is made of glass. LMI has also efficiently managed heat dissipation in the projector design, preventing thermal wear and tear and significantly increasing lifetime. The result is an ultra-bright projector that is capable of lasting up to 10 years of continuous use.
Learn More About Structured Light for Inline Inspection
If you’re interested in learning more about structured light as an inline 3D inspection solution, check out this article on the upcoming Gocator 3210 using hardware acceleration for use in automotive applications.